Lassa fever is a severe viral disease occurring mostly in
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we thank you all our esteem readers, those that called or sent messages to inquire why it is taking so long to resolve, thank you, you are our source of strength. I have sincerely
This is a call on stakeholders to combat drug resistance
The threat from drug resistance is increasing. There is a need for urgent action; everyone must play a part. The complex problem of drug resistance requires collective action. WHO has developed a draft global action plan to combat antimicrobial resistance which has been submitted to the sixty-eighth World Health Assembly, taking place in May 2015. Governments will be asked to approve the plan and, in doing so, declare their commitment to address this global health threat.
1. What is antimicrobial resistance?
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
2. Drug Drug resistance is a global problem
Over the past years, the use and misuse of antimicrobials has increased the number and types of resistant organisms. Consequently many infectious diseases may one day become uncontrollable. With the growth of global trade and travel, resistant microorganisms can spread promptly to any part of the world.
Politics at any level is never devoid of
Here are the answers to our
It is no longer news that,over 70%of hospitals in Nigeria do not have qualified pharmacist, but pharmacy services are rendered in such hospitals. Against this backdrop, the Pharmaceutical Council of Nigeria said it had concluded arrangements to declare a state of emergency on hospital pharmacy practice across the country.
The Registrar/Chief Executive, PCN, Elijah Mohammed, represented by its Deputy Director (Pharmacy Practice), Peter Iliya, stated this in Abuja during an event organised by the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria, in commemoration of this year’s World Pharmacists Day.
African medical practice,over the years has been shroud in secrecy,sorcery and uncertainty, this,among other reasons are why health professionals had viewed it with a pinch of salt. However, today, the story is changing, African medicine is moving towards evidence-based medicine, says a key player and Director of Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories (PAXHERBALS), Fr. Anselm Adodo.
This progress, according to Father Adodo, who spoke at the Seventh National Congress of Pax health care providers, which is an association of all distributors, agents and scientists, would make African medicine evidence-based.
On Monday we looked at the application of celecoxib in post surgical patients with respect to other NSAIDs, we got very lively answers from contributors, but for the records Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a
group of structurally unrelated organic acids that have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties NSAIDs are inhibitors of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase, and so directly inhibit the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes from arachidonic acid. There are 2 forms of cyclo-oxygenase (COX), COX-1, which is the constitutive form of the enzyme, and COX-2, which is the form induced in the presence of inflammation. Inhibition of COX-2 is therefore thought to be responsible for at least some of the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties of NSAIDs whereas inhibition of COX-1 is thought to produce some of their toxic effects, particularly those on the gastrointestinal tract. Most of the NSAIDs currently available for clinical use inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2, although selective COX-2 inhibitors such as celecoxib are now available.
Blood platelets represents the first line of host defence when normal cells are injured,and this platelet aggregation is mediated in part by constitutively expressed cyclo-oxygenase I, when inhibited by non-selectively NSAIDs, as shown in the pictures, it predisposes one to bleeding. However, selective NSAIDs does not inhibit cox1,thus excluding the side effects of bleeding while retaining the analgesic effects of NSAIDs. This is the most probable reason the pharmacist changed the take-home drugs to celecoxib.
If you missed the question, click THE celecoxib
We appreciate the responses from Chinonye and obiyindo, as well as Pharmacist Audu,who wrote in for us to learn more,you guys rock!!!
Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Fridays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at firstname.lastname@example.org for publication
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Chima has just received a probational appointment with one of the
WE MUST NOT ALLOW PHARMACY PRACTICE GO THE WAY OF MEDICAL PRACTICEIt has become very obvious that for the past few years, the status of the pharmacist has been justifiably
Muscles with thick bellies are commonly used for intramuscular (I.m) injections. Since drugs injected into these muscles are absorbed into the bloodstream gradually, it is safe to administer relatively large doses (up to 5ml) that could be dangerous or even fatal if injected directly into the bloodstream. I.m injections also causes less tissue irritation than subcutaneous injections.
Knowledge of the subsurface anatomy is necessary to avoid damaging nerves or to avoid injecting directly into the blood vessels. Anatomical knowledge also enables a clinician to position a patient so that the muscle is relaxedrelaxed, making the injection less painful.
Amounts up to 2MLAs are injected int
There has been considerable speculation why women do not remain fertile till the end of their lives, as men do. Some theorist argue that menopause served a biological purpose for our prehistoric foremothers. Human off springs take a long time to rear. Beyond a certain point, the frailties of age, make it unlikely that a woman could rear another infant to maturity or even survive the stress of pregnancy. She might do better in the long run to become infertile and finish rearing her last child instead becoming pregnant for another one. In this view, menopause was biologically advant
Pharmacist good morning, good morning he replied a jaw dropping pretty lady, please, I came to see you…sorry I did not allow you time to relax, she apologized. It is okay, replied the pharmacist, so what can we do for you? He asked. I will like to have a private discussion with you. Okay, ushering her into his office, please make yourself comfortable, he urged her, she nodded in agreement and eased herself into the visitor’s chair.
After a brief silence, in what looks like a prayer, he apologized for the delay and asked her to go on with her complain.
Doctor…sorry, pharmacist, I just have to be blunt. Yesterday I was having sex with my fiancé, and in the process, the condom b
Well madam, this other prescription withmetronidazole400mg tds,ciprofloxacine 500mg bd and clotrimazole insert 1 nocte might have to do with an infection she had complained of, to her doctor or pharmacist. However, this one with orlistat 120mg tid,is where i need to make all necessary input as regards her complain. the flatulence is due to the orlistat, this drug is associated with gastrointestinal disturbances, including faecal urgency and incontinence,
flatulence, and fatty stools or discharge, are the most frequently reported adverse effects during tr
Even healthy adults taking statins are more likely to develop diabetes.
A recent study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine evaluated 3982 Tricare beneficiaries who were taking statins and 21,988 peers in the military health system who were not.
Using 42 baseline characteristics, the researchers matched 3351 statin users to 3351 nonusers and then examined the incidence of diabetes, diabetic complications, and obesity in both groups. At baseline, all study subjects had no cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or other life-limiting chronic disease.
In addition to seeing a strong association between new-onset diabetes and statin use, those taking statins also had a 250% greater likelihood of developing diabetes with complications than their counterpa
An antibiotic-resistant strain of the bacteria that causes typhoid fever has spread to many countries and reached epidemic levels in Africa, a new study warns.
The strain, H58, emerged in South Asia between 25 and 30 years ago and has slowly grown to become one of the predominant forms of the bacteria Salmonella Typhi, said study author Vanessa Wong, a microbiologist at the University of Cambridge in England.”This multidrug-resistant strain, H58, is resistant to a number of first-line antibiotics used to treat the disease and is continuing to evolve and acquire new mutations to newer drugs,” Wong said.
Typhoid presents no direct threat to people living in the United States, where clean water supplies
and good sanitation prevent exposure to the bacteria, said Dr. Henry Chambers, chief of infectious diseases at San Francisco General Hospital and a professor at the Unive