President Muhammadu Buhari yesterday sacked all
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Researchers world over has,in recent years made tremendous progress to develop treatment options for HIV patients,today, anti-retrovirals remains the mainstay of managing the disease, the permanent cure has remained elusive.
Now, Rockefeller scientists report that they are one step closer to an alternative treatment that utilizes antibodies. This therapy has the potential for long-acting effects and would allow for less frequent dosing.
Recently published in Nature, the findings suggest that an antibody called 3BNC117 can effectively delay the virus from rebounding in patients who temporarily suspended their anti-retroviral medications, currently the standard treatment for HIV.
"It is fascinating to think that this discovery has incredible clinical potential for treating certain drug resistant cancers. On the strength of
The discussion between drop and syrup is nothing new to a practicing communtypharmacist.
This friend of mine had just finished his service and luckily got a superintendent job, he resumed and of course assumed all responsibilities with minimal experience at his disposal. With over one year of community practice experience, I am in a better position to put him through, so once in a while I go there to lend him a helping hand.
On this very day, as I stepped into the pharmacy, he rushed me..Pharm, please can you help me explain this to this lady, she wanted to buy paracetamol for her 4 months child,I sold the drop to her, she just brought it back and started insulting me, that I do not know what I am doing, that how could I give a drop for a four months old baby,knowing fully well that the syrup was stronger and more appropriately,I am really angry now,I am just trying hard not show it. (moving closer to the lady and in a lower tone) He said, Senior colleague, how do I best explain to this lady that paracetamol is paracetamol irrespective of the dosage form, before I could alter a word, the lady said. Sorry o, “senior colleague” did you hear what he just said, please how is 1ml of paracetamol in drop same as 2.5ml in syrup, because I was told in general that drop is not good for my baby,that drop is meant for baby like 1-3 months,my baby is 5 months!!!.Please convince me our senior colleague.
Join us every Monday to Tuesday for can you deliver series,and Friday through Saturdays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers.
If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at firstname.lastname@example.org for publication.
Males with high level of paracetamol in the system could take longer to
Most times multivitamins are given to supplement nutritional deficiencies in undernourished patients. It goes without saying that healthy people only experience a placebo effect when these supplements are taken. Multivitamins in the market contain the basic vitamin requirements with one or two variations. It is in this variations we based our question because that is what distinguishes a well thought-out multivitamin preparation from a “join the fray” one.
Both preparations in our case study were rich in composition like Evans said but the pharmacist’s interest in the second formulation was as a result of this. Aside from its own benefit, Boron is known to enhance the absorption of calcium and magnesium. Biotin also does same for B vitamin absorption just as vitamin C for Iron. So, for one who is really malnourished, these contents will help to maximise the utility of the multivitamin.
couples had sex regularly without using a condom. They have now been
Momentum continues to build in the global fight against malaria. Just this weekend, a major increase in funding from the U.S. Senate, significant Global Fund commitments from France and Italy, and a strong statement from President Obama demonstrated that U.S. and global leaders remain committed to ending the deadly disease.
The U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations approved $745 million to fight malaria in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, weekend. This commitment to malaria in the State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriations bill represents a $71 million increase over the FY 2016 funding level. The bill also includes $1.35 billion for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. It now awaits consideration by the full Senate.
In his remarks to Canada’s House of Commons, President Barack Obama said: “With our commitment to new sustainable development goals, we have the chance to end the outrage of extreme poverty. We can banish the scourge of malaria.” This echoes the call to action that President Obama made both before the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015 and during his final State of the Union address in January.
“Malaria No More applauds the Senate Appropriations Committee and President Obama for prioritizing critical resources and keeping malaria high on the global agenda,” said Josh Blumenfeld, Managing Director of Global Policy and Advocacy at Malaria No More. “This is exactly the commitment and leadership that are needed to save thousands of lives, but we still have a long way to go.”
The world has made tremendous progress in the fight against malaria during the past 15 years. Since 2000, concerted global efforts have contributed to a 60 percent reduction in the rate of deaths from malaria and have saved 6.2 million lives. At the same time, malaria remains a leading cause of death and illness in half of the world’s population. Approximately 90 per cent of malaria cases and deaths still occur in sub-Saharan Africa. In Southeast Asia, the specter of drug resistance remains a serious threat.
Earlier, the Government of France pledged $1.19 billion over the next three years to the Global Fund – a clear reflection of its commitment in the fight to end malaria. The Government of Italy pledged $144 million, which represents a 30 per cent increase over its 2014-2016 contribution to the Global Fund.
“Such strong commitments from the U.S., France and Italy bring us closer to the attainable goal of raising $13 billion at the Global Fund Replenishment Conference in Montreal in September,” said Blumenfeld. “These critical resources will help cut malaria cases in Africa in half by 2020 – from nearly 250 million to less than 125 million – saving lives and ending the needless suffering of millions of people.”
Commonly used medications and nutritional supplements may cause or worsen heart failure (HF), according to the first scientific statement from the American Heart Association to provide guidance on avoiding drug–drug or drug–condition interactions for people with HF (Circulation 2016 Jul 11. [Epub ahead of print]).
The statement provides comprehensive information about specific drugs and supplements that may have serious unintended consequences for HF patients.
Patients with HF have, on average, five or more separate medical conditions and take seven or more prescription medications daily, often prescribed by different health care providers. According to the statement, medications can cause problems in several ways: being toxic to heart muscle cells or changing how the heart muscle contracts; interacting with medications used to treat HF so that some of their benefits are lost; and containing more sodium than advised for patients with HF.
“Since many of the drugs heart failure patients are taking are prescribed for conditions such as cancer, neurological conditions or infections, it is crucial but difficult for health care providers to reconcile whether a medication is interacting with heart failure drugs or making heart failure worse,” said Robert L. Page II, PharmD, MSPH, the chair of the writing committee for the new scientific statement.
Meanwhile the the doctor telling you thar they have started residency in pharmacology,did you ask him if that will accord them a slot to be registered in pcn as pharmacists? These are issues we must be well informed on. Cos we all might be the only mobile billboard, that pharmacy practice in Nigeria will ever have.Their proffession is saturated and unemployment,hunger and confusion is taking over. So any available channel is a way out. Even If it’s to do residency in zoology. Some are begging to open pharmacy shops.In fetha,ebonyi state,there is a pharmcology dept headed and run by doctors alone. That’s ok by me. But what is their role?truth is that its just an office created to employ more doctors. They are often sitting around doing absolutely nothing. But if support is not given to the pharmacy dept of such institution,that pharmacology dept will one day start claiming relevance.The consultant pathologists/heamatologists vs lab science war got to this point cos it started at a time when there existed gross ignorance in the ministry of health In Nigeria.so they shouldn’t hope same will happen to pharmacy vs consultant pharmacologist. Today every arm is awake and watchful. No mago mago Can occur like in the days of Dr. Ransom kuti,who by the way is the cause of all our problems. He brought about this division by favouring the Dr so much.I dont blame him cos when Adelusi,a pharmacist, was there as health minister,he was upright and straight. He never gave us undue advantages. As it stands,undue advantage, is the new way out. Whilst your doctor friend is glorying in the new residency in pharmacology,my dear, hope he is aware we run a residency now too?Most pharmacists will leave school and wont enrol for the west African post graduate college of pharmacists.why? That’s sad. All things being equal if by Nov I graduate from Wapcp as a clinical oncologist,does that make me a medical Dr?no!it only makes me a pharmacist that is a consultant in clinical oncology…more knowledge about that area of practice to give the right advice and better collaboration. Will I suddenly start doing surgery,chemotherapy or radiotherapy on cancer patients?no! My consultation will still be limited to the issues that are drug based in cancer. So a doctor doing residency in pharmacology will only be stupid to think he is suddenly a pharmacist.Whilst they have not recovered from Pharm. D,we stepped up to residency too. They should better upgrade from M.B.B.S to MD first. They are the only ones in the world still graduating doctors as mbbs holders. Lols. Bachelor of medicine,bachelor of surgery. *scoufsNigerians call them doctors by default cos there is no doctor in the mbbs certificate. I am glad with community pharmacists,their new layouts,especially those practicing pharm. Care. They are changing our image in the Nigerian society. Its the hospital pharmacists that baffle me. Majorly layed back and accepting of any rubbish….By Pharmacist .Ene Jane Francis-ani
The room is silent, my boss trust my judgemen, the reps are all ears, what I say must be backed with accessible facts, if you were in my shoes, what would it be?
The court held that the PCN Act 1992 empowers the PCN to
There have been reports of patients taking tramadol for pain requiring hospitalization because of these
Use of insect repellents is strongly recommended by the CDC and the EPA to prevent Zika virus infection1, and other mosquito- and tickborne diseases. Mosquitoes can transmit chikungunya, dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever viruses, and malaria. Ticks can transmit Lyme disease and rickettsial diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
DEET — The topical insect
Many at times, drug experts
We all love discount, because it is a very good way of marketing and
I usually reserve misgivings for some of the drug combinations that pour into the Nigerian market. For instance, a cough syrup will be labelled to contain a suppressant such as dextromethorphan, a mucolytic such as bromhexin,and an expectorant such as ammonium chloride. It is like trying to put the drug and cough reflexes into confusion because you cannot be suppressing cough and expect to expectorate at thesame time. I stand to be corrected. Even some ethical drug combinations are very funny. Another instance is Combination of glibenclamide and metformin. We all know that individually one should be taken before food and the other after food which brings to question the best time to take the drug. Recently, I came across another combination that gives me cause to worry whether our pharmaceutical importers actually study these formulations before bringing them in not to mention NAFDAC’s apathy. The enzyme Serratiopeptidase was combined with an NSAID. Now, an NSAID is meant to be taken with food to prevent ulceration while the enzyme is to be taken on an empty stomach for efficacy, otherwise it will just end up acting as a digestive enzyme of the content of the stomach . In essence, the drug combination will only offer the benefit of the NSAID and not the benefit of the two drugs if taken with food as claimed by the manufacturers because it is only when the enzyme gets into the systemic circulation will it be able to exert its antinflammatory effects. For this reason, it is usually enteric coated and administered on empty stomach alone.
Most of our products come from India. So, I was happy when I came across this list of banned drug combinations from the Indian health ministry as they lack any additional benefit. Three hundred drug combinations were banned due to lack of prove of combined efficacy. click here to get the comprehensive list. I am sure some of them are parading our drug shelves. This is a wake up call on NAFDAC.
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This patient with a very big “Agbada” walks into the