Pharmacist canvass government support for manufacturers

For the nation’s pharmaceutical companies to maintain the lead in the production of quality drugs in West Africa and be competitive globally, the Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing Group of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (PMG-MAN) has called on the Federal Government to earmark a N200 billion intervention fund for the sector, coupled with other initiatives.

The manufacturers and other stakeholders, who met at the opening of the 3rd Nigeria Pharma Manufactures’ exhibition 2015 in Lagos, said the call was in line with relevant industrial policies to help the sector maximise its potentials. read more

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Here comes the answer 49..the sperm

Here comes the answer 49..the sperm

People make babies on daily basis with sperm, some waste theirs,while others use it for…i don’t know again o. Okay, let us see the answers
1. Answer: Neither
By themselves, sperm don’t have a gender, but they’re in charge of what gender the baby is.
Dad’s sperm carry either an X or a Y chromosome, and there are about the same number of each. Y-carrying ones swim a bit faster, and they don’t live as long. But you need serious (and expensive) technology to shift the baby’s gender odds from 50/50.
2.Answer: 2 to 5 days
Sperm can kick it inside a vagina for several days, but if they’re outside a body, they’re done for quickly. So don’t worry about the dried stuff on sheets or clothing. Heat and chlorine also kill sperm off
3. Correct Answer: Join a rec league sports team
In a study, college-age men who exercised at least 15 hours a week had up to 73% more sperm than the couch potatoes. But your activity choice matters: Cycling more than 186 miles a week can also lower sperm quality
NB:”Rec league” is short for “recreational league” and refers to play within a local league formed of teams from the same neighborhood or general area, you know like our five-aside or monkey post.
4. Answer: Water
Sperm make up only 5% or less of your semen. It’s also got amino acids, protein, sugar, and minerals to nourish those baby-making swimmers
5. Answer: False
If nothing comes out when you climax, semen could be going into your bladder. It’s not dangerous, but you may want to check with your doctor or a specialist called a urologist, especially if you’re hoping to become a dad
6.Answer 70times
men produce about 3/4 of a teaspoon at a time, less than a typical dose of cough syrup. But a guy who’s very well hydrated or who has gone a long time without an orgasm could make more
7. Answer: No
Not on its own. But like other body fluids with protein — such as blood, sweat, saliva, and urine — semen will reflect ultraviolet or “black” light in a way we can see. Because of this, British spies used it as invisible ink during World War I. Now, crime scene techs use different kinds of light to help find “biologic” evidence including sperm.
8. Answer Myth
Despite the popular lore, there’s no evidence it works. And in rare cases, it could do more harm than good. Proteins in it can trigger a rare allergic reaction. This will cause pain, itching, burning, and swelling. Since the exact makeup of semen varies from person to person and from one time to the next, a semen allergy can crop up even with a longtime partner.
IF YOU MISSED THE QUESTIONS SEE THE SPERM
Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Friday through Saturdays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at ugwulekecc@gmail.com for publication
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Source:webMD
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The key to Nigerian future health is traditionla medicine- Iwu

The key to Nigerian future health is traditionla medicine- Iwu

Former chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission

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Can you deliver 49…the sperm

Can you deliver 49…the sperm

Moved by so many activities this week and so many questions that centered

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Herbal medicine: from myth to reality

Herbal medicine: from myth to reality

African medical practice,over the years has been shroud in secrecy,sorcery and uncertainty, this,among other reasons are why health professionals had viewed it with a pinch of salt. However, today, the story is changing, African medicine is moving towards evidence-based medicine, says a key player and Director of Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories (PAXHERBALS), Fr. Anselm Adodo.

This progress, according to Father Adodo, who spoke at the Seventh National Congress of Pax health care providers, which is an association of all distributors, agents and scientists, would make African medicine evidence-based. read more

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Here comes the answer 48…the celecoxib

Here comes the answer 48…the celecoxib

On Monday we looked at the application of celecoxib in post surgical patients with respect to other NSAIDs, we got very lively answers from contributors, but for the records Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a
group of structurally unrelated organic acids that have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties NSAIDs are inhibitors of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase, and so directly inhibit the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes from arachidonic acid. There are 2 forms of cyclo-oxygenase (COX), COX-1, which is the constitutive form of the enzyme, and COX-2, which is the form induced in the presence of inflammation. Inhibition of COX-2 is therefore thought to be responsible for at least some of the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties of NSAIDs whereas inhibition of COX-1 is thought to produce some of their toxic effects, particularly those on the gastrointestinal tract. Most of the NSAIDs currently available for clinical use inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2, although selective COX-2 inhibitors such as celecoxib are now available.

mechanism of action

mechanism of action


Blood platelets represents the first line of host defence when normal cells are injured,and this platelet aggregation is mediated in part by constitutively expressed cyclo-oxygenase I, when inhibited by non-selectively NSAIDs, as shown in the pictures, it predisposes one to bleeding. However, selective NSAIDs does not inhibit cox1,thus excluding the side effects of bleeding while retaining the analgesic effects of NSAIDs. This is the most probable reason the pharmacist changed the take-home drugs to celecoxib.
If you missed the question, click THE celecoxib
We appreciate the responses from Chinonye and obiyindo, as well as Pharmacist Audu,who wrote in for us to learn more,you guys rock!!!
Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Fridays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at ugwulekecc@gmail.com for publication
Do not forget to like our page on facebook,
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Panel Backs Aspirin For Heart Health In Only Certain Adults

Panel Backs Aspirin For Heart Health In Only Certain Adults

A government task force says a daily low-dose aspirin could help certain people in their 50s and 60s prevent a first heart attack or stroke – and they might get some protection against colon cancer at the same time.
 
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force issued

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Massive job loss looms in pharmaceutical industry

Massive job loss looms in pharmaceutical industry

A number of Nigerian pharmaceutical firms are currently

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Can you deliver 48: the celecoxib…guest write in

Can you deliver 48: the celecoxib…guest write in

I personally want to appreciate you for the wonderful work you are doing with this wonderful series, since I started following it, I must confess, I have learnt a whole lot. Ensure you keep it.
I went to the hospital to visit a friends wife who was delivered of a baby through a Caesarian, on our arrival, we met with the doctor, in his office ( it was a private hospital), while he was congratulating my friend for a successful surgery and explaining how difficult it was…but in all, we thank God it was successful. We now decided to go see our wife, when we got to her private ward, the nurse told the doctor their pharmacist said the diclofenac which was part of her take home drug should be changed to Celecoxib, the doctor said, if the pharmacist said give celecoxib, then give that.
The question I want to ask now is, what was going on in the pharmacist’s mind
Pharmacist Audu wrote in from Jos, plateau state Nigeria.

Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Fridays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at ugwulekecc@gmail.com for publication
Do not forget to like our page on facebook,
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NOTE; Every first and last fridays of the month would be interns focused questions. read more

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PHARMACISTS COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (PCN) PUBLIC NOTICE

PHARMACISTS COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (PCN) PUBLIC NOTICE

The Pharmacists Council of Nigeria is

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Here comes the answer 47: NSAIDs and reversible infertility

Here comes the answer 47: NSAIDs and reversible infertility

As pharmacists, our primary aim would be to look at the drugs. Recall the lady has conceived before, therefore something went wrong along the line, and it is the NSAIDs.Let’s look at this holistically.
Ovulation, the release of matured ovum from the ovary into the Fallopian tube, constitutes a central event in the ovarian cycle and a woman’s ability to conceive.Ovulatory disfunction is a relevant cause of female infertility.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), widely used due to their analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, consistently inhibit ovulation in all mammalian species. The pharmacological target of NSAIDs is cyclo-oxygenase (COX), which catalyses the first rate-limiting step in the production of prostaglandins. COX-2, one of two isoenzymes, is active in the ovaries during follicular development. Its inhibition by NSAIDs is thought to cause luteinised unruptured follicle (LUF) syndrome, an anovulatory condition characterised by clinical signs of ovulation but in the absence of follicular rupture and ovum release. COX-2 inhibition has major effects on ovulation, fertilization and implantation, and NSAID therapy is likely implicated in human infertility and could be an important, frequently overlooked, cause of ovulatory disfunction in women.
If you look at this case, you will realise that the lady has been on NSAIDs for the past six months, this further emphasises the that the pharmacist is an important link in patient care.
We are of the opinion that if a woman who presents with infertility is found to be taking a NSAID, the role of the drug should be considered before launching costly, invasive investigations or starting medically assisted reproduction.
If you missed the question click the infertility read more

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Can you deliver 47…the infertility

Can you deliver 47…the infertility

A lady who has been married for four years with two children (4 and 2 years) got a job, that involves a lot of standing, because of this, her doctor placed her initially on cataflam (diclofenac)one tablet twice daily, it was working for her, however, about two months ago, her doctor changed the prescription to tab naproxen. Also for the past 6months she has been on wellwoman conception, but this time she asked to see the pharmacist, when the pharmacist was called, she asked him about fertile aid( a multivitamin). Out of curiosity, the pharmacist inquired what she wanted it for. ,” I have been trying for a baby for over a year now, I have been everywhere, I don’t even know what kind of thing befall my enemy” she explained. The pharmacist asked her what other drugs she’s been on, and that was how the above story was elicited.so, for the past six months, she has, in summary been on
Ginsomin plus
Cataflam
Naproxen
Wellwoman
Wellwoman conception
And now fertile aid.
Note: the multivitamins was not taken together. So, she asked ” pharmacist, any idea why I am not getting pregnant despite all these infertility drugs and visitation to specialist and gyane”? I have never done abortion in my life. She concluded. Can we do anything for her as a pharmacist.
See you on Friday
Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Fridays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at ugwulekecc@gmail.com for publication
Do not forget to like our page on facebook,
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NOTE; Every first and last fridays of the month would be interns focused questions. read more

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Meeting sales targets, but how are your patients?

Meeting sales targets, but how are your patients?

There is a trend in community pharmacy that unease’s young graduates in community pharmacy. I was taught almost throughout my stay in pharmacy school, on the need to show empathy to the patient, thus considering his/her financial muscle before recommending a drug, this has to be after the right drugs might have been selected, at the right dosage, blab bla bla. But have you ever wondered how setting targets in community pharmacy defeats these goals.
Wi

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Here comes the answer 46…the n.g.o out station hepatitis

Here comes the answer 46…the n.g.o out station hepatitis

On Monday we looked at a case of hepatitis infection, the presentations according the diagnosis by the medical doctor was

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With ‘ware-house-in-a-box’, is it the beginning of the end for open drug markets?

With ‘ware-house-in-a-box’, is it the beginning of the end for open drug markets?

One of the greatest problems facing the

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can you deliver 46..the ngo out-station

can you deliver 46..the ngo out-station

Chima has just received a probational appointment with one of the

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From benign to malignant: the Indian incursion.

From benign to malignant: the Indian incursion.

Everywhere you go today, within the sphere of the pharmaceutical industry, you come face to face with Indians. It is an established fact that whereas India become the world power in pharmaceuticals for developing countries, Nigeria has become the consuming giants of developing countries, I am aware Indians are also in control of some other sectors of the economy, but

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Here comes the answer 45..the persistent Bp

Here comes the answer 45..the persistent Bp

In our Monday edition of can you deliver, we shared a case of a patient on certain drugs including methyldopa and ferrous. As usual, we had some very insightful comments from our professional readers, the answers we anticipated has already been supplied by Rxbdagirl (don’t know why she chose this kind of name…lol), however, some of our readers raised some other concerns and gave us another angle to look at it. For the records, the persistent high bp was as a result of concomitant administration of methyldopa and iron, (in the form of dedeons and ferrous).
According to the 36th edition of martindale , after concomitant administration of methyldopa and iron, results in healthy subjects indicated that the absorption of methyldopa was reduced by 73% and 61% respectively when taken with a dose of ferrous sulfate or ferrous gluconate, 5 hypertensive patients taking methyldopa were also given ferrous sulfate 325 mg three times daily for 2 weeks.1 All patients experienced a rise in systolic pressure, and 4 had a rise in diastolic pressure, amounting to more than 15/10 mmHg in some patients after 2 weeks. Blood pressure fell again when the ferrous sulfate was stopped.
Also, apregnanat woman on methyldopa that requires iron as a routine drug or prescribed, should take them 2-3 hours apart, to reduce a possible interaction to the barest minimum.
If you missed the question click the persistent bp
Join us every Monday for can you deliver series,and Fridays for here comes the answer series,we expect your replies to the questions and your criticisms to our answers. If you have any experience as a pharmacist, a medical doctor,a nurse, scientist,physiotherapist etc that you think will help improve learning ,you can email them to us at ugwulekecc@gmail.com for publication
Do not forget to like our page on facebook,
follow on twitter @futurerxdream or @ugwuleke
BBM channel C002D3B6D
NOTE; Every first and last fridays of the month would be interns focused questions.
References:
1.martindale, the complete drug reference,36th edition,page 1335
Campbell N, et al. Alteration of methyldopa absorption, metabolism, and blood pressure control caused by ferrous sulfate and
ferrous gluconate. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1988; 43: 381–6 read more

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Pharmaceutical companies and ‘’unpharmaceutical” syrup covers

Pharmaceutical companies and ‘’unpharmaceutical” syrup covers

I do not know, perhaps I am the only one who is

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Can you deliver 45..the persistent Bp

Can you deliver 45..the persistent Bp

Patient who has been on methyldopa for the management of her

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